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Restoration of Riverine, Inland, Dry-land & Urban Ecosystems of Sindh Province

Restoration of Riverine, Inland, Dry-land & Urban Ecosystems of Sindh Province

Project Code: GR-001

Fund Implementing Partner: Forest & Wildlife Department Government of Sindh

Project Profile

Grant Implementation Signing Date

1st September, 2021

Project Start Date

1st September, 2021

Project End Date

30th September, 2024

Completion Time (Duration)

36 months

  • Thematic Area:  Climate Change
  • Plan:  
  • Entity: Public


The Data is Not Available



1.  Restoration of Riverine Forests
  • At 30,000 acres 30 Million plants
2.  Reforestation of Inland Forests
  • Establishment of Plantation 2,250 acres 1.63 million plants
  • Establishment of Orchards 750 acres 0.08 million plants
  • Establishment of Coconut/ Palm oil plantation 1,500 acres 0.075 million plants
3.  Afforestation of Mangrove Forests
  • (blank and de-vegetated mangrove areas of the Indus Delta)
  • Protection of mangroves through watch and ward system of local households 55,000 acres
  • 23,925 million plants Raising of fruit and fodder plants in Women and youth nurseries for self-sustenance of coastal communities 2 million Nos. 2 million plants
4.  Improvement of Rangeland Ecosystem
  • Seedling/reseeding blocks of grass species
5.  Dry Afforestation
  • 900 acres 0.135 million plants
6.  Establishment of scrub/olive plantation
  • 200 acres 0.058 million plants Installation of solar pumps 15 Nos.
  • Village nurseries of fruit and indigenous plants 1 million Nos. 1 million plants
7.  Urban Ecosystem
  • ?
10.  Establishment of Amenity Plantation in urban centers
  • 12 acres 0.0143 million plants
11.  Establishment of Avenue Plantations in urban centers
  • 400av.KMS 0.132 million plants
12.  Establishment of canalside plantation
  • 500 AV. KMS 0.165 million plants
13.  Construction of new nurseries up-to Taluka level
  • 12 Nos
14.  Raising of Indigenous Trees & Shrubs in standard size containers
  • 10.00 M. Nos.
15.  Raising of Fruit & Ornamental Trees in macro size containers
  • 1.200 M. Nos.
  • Funding Ratio :

In the line with NDRMF’s aim and outputs, the proposed project is designed to better project and enhance the resillience of Communities vulnerable to the negative impacts of multiple natural hazards. 

100%-NDRMF Share

0%-FIP Share

    Project Size: Large

0 M
Total Project Cost
  • Status :
Project Objective

The overall objective of the project include, conservation of existing forest cover and plantation on the barren, waste lands available with Sindh forest department. Project envisaged installation of solar energy units on wells to fulfill water needs of existing forest and proposed plantation areas. Following are the main objectives of the project:

  • Ecosystem base adaptation through integrated forest management
  • Livelihood improvement through generating income sources/green jobs
  • Forest conservation through awareness and community engagement
Project Outcome

The project is envisaged to restore riverine & inland ecosystem, mangroves & rangeland ecosystem and Urban Ecosystem in order to enhance the biodiversity and forest area throughout the province. It is also expected that there will be livelihood improvement through generation of green jobs that will be generated through this project.

Project Benefits
i. Financial
Trees were traditionally considered for tangible benefits like timber, firewood and forage. Whereas, trees also provide intangible or non-marketed benefits. This includes contribution of trees towards Carbon offsetting (a process through which forests & trees absorb and store Carbon and release Oxygen into the atmosphere). This project has been formulated predominantly in consideration of non-tangible benefits. However, with existing valuation techniques the cost benefit analysis of the project has been carried out and its results are attached as (Annexure-III).
ii. Social & Gender benefits with indicators 
The execution of this project shall increase the income and livelihood sources for local people from the sale of minor forest products and trading of ecosystem services and provide gainful employment opportunities to the local people dependent on forest ecosystems. The benefits indicators are:
• Job opportunities for the local people.
• Improvement of socio-economic conditions of local inhabitants.

Geographical Coverage

Project Gallery

InterventionsProvinceDistrictProject Site
1. Seeding/ReseedingSindhKarachiGhaggar, (Karachi), Junshahi (Thatta)
2. MangrovesSindhKarachiKeti Bundar
3. MangrovesSindhSujawalKharo Chhan
4. Coconut PlantationSindhThattaMehar, Kharn, Fakeer jo Goth and Kotri Allah Rakhyo Shah
5. Coconut PlantationSindhTando Muhammad KhanBannu
6. Coconut PlantationSindhSujawalBachal Gogo, Mureed Khoso & bahadipur, goongani
7. Riverine ForestSindhShaheed BenazirabadGhulam Mari, Saeed kando, Khar, Mari jalbani

Targeted Beneficiary

Total Beneficiary
Direct Beneficiary
Indirect Beneficiary
Project Description

This project has been conceived with the view to restore productivity of various Forest ecosystems like Riverine, Inland, Mangroves, Dry-land and Urban Forestry through securing funds from the NDRMF under the World Bank funded project Pakistan Hydromet and Climate Services Project’s component II (nature base solutions and climate adaptation). Project will be executed by Sindh Forest Department to achieve the planned target objectives.

Riverine Forests are the mainstay of forestry in Sindh. They act as carbon sink, moderate climate, stop soil erosion and also protect soils and settlements from the ferocity of flood waters. Reforestation over 34,500 acres (13,962 hectares) of blank potential area of riverine forests (30,000 acres or 12141 hectares) & inland forests (4,500 acres or 1821 hectares) in all over Sindh province shall be carried out.

An area of 3000 acres (1214 hectares) shall be tackled in Inland forest for planting/ sowing on 2,250 acres (910 hectares) whereas fruit orchard over 750 acres (304 hectares) , being 25% of the 3,000 acres (1214 hectares), shall be established to maintain biodiversity of the area, by planting minimum two years old different fruit saplings. This will ensure the sustainability of the irrigated plantation and enhance local people livelihood. Besides,1500 acres (607 hectares) shall be brought under oil palm/coconut plantation.

In Indus Delta Mangroves, afforestation on blank and de-vegetated mangrove areas shall be carried out over 55,000 acres (22258 hectares). Where as in rangelands ecosystem grazing grounds shall be established over 900 acres (364 hectares). In addition, 900 acres (364 hectares) shall be afforested with local fodder tree species. The blocks shall be fenced, watered through water storages and solar operated well boring where sub-soil water is available. Moreover, scrub/olive plantations shall also be established and maintained over 200 acres (81 hectares) as trial plantations to create seed sources and for scaling up at later stage.

Contact Person

Muhammad Fawad Hayat

Deputy General Manager

Tel: +92 345 8944449           Head:  Climate Change                      Email: fawad.hayat@ndrmf.pk


SDGs Contribution



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